December 30, 2019
The Egyptian artist and contractor, Mohamed Ali, announced the completing of the “Egyptian Consensus” document.
According to what “Ali” had previously announced, it is scheduled to be presented in an electronic referendum to the masses of Egyptians, after completing its preparation by the various opposition forces, from the political currents and intellectual trends in Egypt, for the return of freedom, dignity, and justice to the people.
In a video clip posted on Facebook, Ali said, “the majority of national parties, groups and currents are in a state of severe exhaustion from the continued targeting by the regime.”
He pointed out that he had met with leaders and heads of political parties, as well as representatives of national currents, to find common points of action within the framework of the “Saving Egypt” plan.
And Ali expected that some political forces would fully accept this document, and others would accept half of its items or less.
He considered that “the difference of opinions is natural, but cooperation and action to save Egypt is the national duty of everyone, especially since the arrival of General Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi came to power after a coup he carried out against an elected president, who is the late President Mohamed Morsi.”
The document states that “the system of government in Egypt is a civil, democratic, based on justice and the rule of law, and the people are the source of powers while ensuring the separation of the three executives, legislative and judicial powers, in addition to the independence of the media, the peaceful transfer of power, and the promotion of the human rights, especially minorities and those who are geographically and Historically marginalized, such as the inhabitants of Sinai, Nubia, and Bedouins.”
The document also emphasizes ensuring freedom to create and manage political parties, professional and labor unions, student unions, religious institutions, and civil society NGOs with notification.
The document also affirms that “transitional justice is a guarantee of societal reconciliation and is based on the fair fulfillment of the rights of martyrs, injured and detainees, and on frankness, and the disclosure of facts about human rights crimes committed since the January 25, 2011 revolution.”
The document stressed the formation of independent and expert committees and take measures include effective mechanisms for reparation, compensation, and public apology, ensuring that these crimes are not repeated, and establishing accountability and litigation mechanisms through independent courts.
It also stated “the importance of preserving complete national independence, rejecting subordination, establishing the restoration of national will, and preserving Egyptian national interests.”
Regarding the priorities for work, the document stated, “Consensus under a comprehensive national project that includes all Egyptian currents to achieve the principles of the revolution from living, freedom, social justice, and human dignity, in addition to changing the ruling regime, as being responsible for all the repression, corruption and sale Of the land, the waste of water and natural resources, and an economic and social collapse.”
The document called for “the release of political prisoners and detainees on the basis of fabricated cases, opinion cases, and dropping these cases, and canceling all unfair and unfair dismissal decisions, and decisions to confiscate money and property.”
She also stressed the work on achieving transitional justice and entering a transitional stage on the basis of compromise and partnership among all Egyptian national currents in order to save the country, through an inclusive national project that includes taking economic reforms.
The document stressed the importance of full independence of the judiciary, including the Attorney General, and the restructuring of laws regulating the judiciary.
The document concluded by stressing the importance of reviewing the foreign agreements concluded by the current system, which would cede the land of Egypt, waste its natural resources, and waste the Nile waters.
Observers say that this document was a repetition of all that is known and already agreed, and that it has no value.
But opponents say the importance of that document is that it unites the opposition again against General Abdel Fattah al-Sisi.