ANHRI: Egypt witnessed 198 social and political protests in 2021

109

The Arab Network for Human Rights Information issued a report on labor and social protests in Egypt during the first half of December, which documented 13 protests, including 9 social protests and 4 labor protests.

The protests varied and included activities against demolition of families’ homes in favor of government projects, poor traffic services, delays in receiving apartments for 125 doctors and university professors, and delays in workers and employees’ salaries.

The most significant of these protests was the return of the workers of the Universal Home Appliances Company to strike again, in protest against the administration’s reversal of commitment to an agreement signed by its representatives. The agreement was signed in October with workers and the General Union of Workers in Metallurgical and Engineering Industries, in the presence of the Minister of Manpower, to end the previous 20-day strike. It included scheduling the payment of employees’ overdue financial dues. November saw 32 protests, including 5 suicides due to debt accumulation and financial crises. October also recorded 5 protests, and 2 suicides. During the third quarter of this year, the Arab Network documented 47 protest activities. Social and labor protests ranked first, with 36 events.

The activities of the supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood continued to decline, as 8 events were documented. They were all in remote villages and in individual forms, coinciding with the anniversary of the dispersal of the Rabaa al-Adawiya and al-Nahda sit-ins. Students organized 3 activities, protesting against the results of high school exams. 5 different activities were attacked by the security services, while 37 events passed without any attacks, in addition to 5 activities resolved by negotiation with the participants, according to the Arab Network. In the second quarter, the organization documented 44 protest events, in which labor and social protests ranked first, with 25 activities.

The Muslim Brotherhood and the National Alliance for Legitimacy Support protests continued to decline, as 10 events were documented. They were all in remote villages and in individual forms, coinciding with the anniversary of the death of Former President Mohamed Morsi and the death sentences issued in the case of the dispersal of the Rabaa sit-in. While civil forces organized 4 events, students organized 5 protest events. In the first quarter, the Arab Network documented 57 protest activities, in which labor and social protests ranked first, with 43 events. The protests of the Muslim Brotherhood and the National Alliance for Legitimacy Support declined, as 7 protest events were recorded. They were all in remote villages and in individual forms, coinciding with the anniversary of the January 2011 Revolution.